Tag Archives: haskap

Haskap Still On The Bushes

DSC00116

DSC00117

Friends far to the south of us have told me that they have only a couple of weeks to harvest their haskap orchard before the berries begin to shrivel.  A couple of days ago I took these photos in our orchard.  We have several hundred plants which have not been harvested.  While the berries do not have the same firmness as when they were first ripe, they are still juicy and flavourful and awaiting our final harvest and will be boiled down, perhaps even in the field, for dyeing wool later in the winter.

dsc00009-version-2

We also harvested a great amount of dwarf sour cherries and are interested in seeing how colour-fast these will be as well…

…great fun!

Advertisements

Harvesting Haskap

Edible blue honeysuckle (EBH) berries have a dulled blue skin.  This selection is called Tundra

DSC00042

…but their interior is a scarlet colour.  When picked by hand haskap does not bleed on its end (not so with honeyberries and non-varietal EBH).  When mechanically picked using a plastic bat and child’s wading pool, there is some damage.

When processing the berry into juice or cooked for syrup and jam this damage does not matter.

We harvested seventeen gallons of Borealis haskap the other day.  We collected a half gallon of juice that we will pasteurize and use for juice/dye from these seventeen gallons…

DSC00037

…exquisite colour.

Everyone Has To Start Somewhere: Dyeing Wool With Haskap

I have not found any recipes for dyeing wool with haskap other than the one I posted a couple of months ago.  That post used table salt as a mordant and was based on the best information on dyeing with dark berries that I could find on the internet.  I now have a couple of books (Adrosko and Duerr).  These do not contain information on dyeing with haskap.  But Duerr’s does have a recipe for dyeing with blackberries.  Knowing from personal experience how blackberries can stain I decided to use this recipe as a baseline recipe.

Here’s what I did:

(1) Drain Mordanted Wool – Yesterday when mordanting I could not tell if the odour that hung in the air there was because the paint was burning off of the new propane heater, or was due to the mordant.  After allowing the mordanted wool to cool in the mordanting bath overnight I removed the lid and could smell the strong presence of sulphuric acid (H2(SO4)).  I drained the wool.  Then I rinsed the wool several times with clean, soft water.

DSC00004

(2) Making Dye Liquor – Weighing my fabric, I matched that with an equal weight of haskap berries.  Berries were covered with water, brought to a boil, then simmered (180F) for 30 minutes.  This was then sieved and set to cool.

DSC00003

DSC00006

(3) Dyeing Wool – Once the haskap dyeing liqueur is cool, add premordanted fibre.  Fully cover the wool with water.  Bring the bath up to a simmer and hold it there for 30 minutes.  Remove the dye pot from the heat.  Remove the wool and set it aside to drain, wash with a pH-neutral soap, rinse thoroughly, hang to dry.

DSC00002
untreated wool (top) – mordanted, rinsed, and haskap dyed (bottom)
DSC00004
washed, mordanted, haskap dyed in full sunlight
DSC00005
washed, mordanted, haskap dyed, and rinsed wool on drying rack

Haskap Dye Loom Fibre

When lovely woman tilts her saucer,
And finds too late that tea will stain,
Whatever made the Lady crosser,
What art can make all white again;
The only art the stain to cover,
To hide the spot from every eye;
And wear an unsoiled dress above her,
The proper colour is to DYE.

1841, Swartz

~~~~~

Coloring is one of the most delightful arts, also a most responsible branch of manufacture; and a good dyer makes a manufacturer wealthy, happy, and renowned; while a poor one brings ruin, bankruptcy, and misery; and not considering the fineness of the cloth or the faultless weaver, the color sells the goods.

1869, Haserick

~~~~~

No matter the perspective from which dyeing is discussed, in the end it all boils down to one, singular, powerful kernel…beauty.  Humans can’t be blamed for their love of colour; to love colour seems to be in our genetic make-up.

In 1856 William Henry Perkin accidentally discovered a lavender dye synthesized from a coal-tar derivative and the age of synthetic dyes was born.  Synthetic dyes are standardized and not dependent upon the variances of seasons, climates, growing conditions, or individual plants.  Looking at the colour of the clothing that you, the reader, is wearing, we take all of this for granted each day as we decide what colours to choose; it wasn’t always that way.  But it seems now that the circle has come fully ‘round again, and natural dyes are making a come-back as their very uncertainty and the uniqueness of each batch allows for variations that are personal and unprecedented.  And not only that.  But the individualism of dyers and their locales are again becoming appreciated regionally.  That rather than the unconscious dependence upon the ecological, social, and economic destructiveness of global corporate manufacturing, transportation, and marketing systems, real people can organize to provide grounded local goods.

I never thought that my own desire to live a sustainable, grounded, humble, healthy, and simple life would lead to this…

IMG_3818_1

which would lead to this…

DSC00011

which would lead to this…

DSC00017

Yesterday I got this load for free…

DSC00037

It seems that the Canadian agricultural corporate giant has decided that it’s not worth picking up in our area, so friends have been burning it for years.

Chalk one up for localized agriculture I guess.  :)

Severely Washed Haskap Llama Fibre Dye

https://borealweaver.wordpress.com/2015/01/29/white-llama-fibre-dyed-with-haskap/

…following up on the original dying I did with haskap, here is a comparison of washed fibre (right) against the original, unwashed fibre (left).  i purposefully washed this patch with hot water and Tide detergent to see how badly this would damage the colour.  It did remove the brilliance of the original red and turned it a brown-russet.  Again, this is just a base-line washing with a table salt mordant….fyi…(again, full sun on snow)

DSC00002

Dyeing Llama Fibre With Haskap/Honeyberry/Edible Blue Honeysuckle/Lonicera Caerulea

This post tells about my first dyeing of llama fibre using Lonicera caerulea (haskap) berries.  The llama fibre is unwashed white from one of my own llamas, and the berries are from the Tundra selection of University of Saskatchewan haskap grown in my own orchard.

I set up this test using two sets of four samples:

  • 1 – The first sample remained dry and undyed as a comparison.
  • 2 – The second sample was dyed, but was not soaked or mordanted beforehand.
  • 3 – The third sample was prepared by water soak preparation only.
  • 4 – The fourth sample was prepared using a traditional salt mordant (NaCl).

Two samples were prepared from each.  This will allow a comparison from each  treatment before and after they dry and one is subsequently washed after several days in order to determine colour-fastness of this berry’s properties.

This procedure allowed me to compare later on as a base-line comparison of the simplest sort.

———-

Haskap is a newly cultivated berry that found its way to North America in the 1990’s and is now being intensively bred and selected for at the University of Saskatchewan.  Haskap is the name applied to a superior selection of genotypes of Lonicera caerulea.  These plants are commonly known as edible blue honeysuckles, and also have been marketed using the name of Honeyberries.  Their berries come from flowers that can withstand a -7C freeze and still produce fruit, and the plant is still viable after winter temperatures drop below -40C.  It is truly a northern plant and modern plant origins can be traced to Siberia, the Kamchakta peninsula, and the northern island of Japan.  The berry’s meat itself is coloured a deep, rich burgundy; it stains anything with which it comes into contact a bluish-purple.  The stain can be removed by citric acid.  Otherwise it is very difficult to remove.  I can find no reference to its use as a cloth dye using a simple internet search.  We currently have almost 3,000 plants in our orchard, parts of which are just now coming into full production.

———-

  • Since aluminum and iron can affect the the dying process (serving as mordants themselves), all utensils and pots used were made out of stainless steel.
  • The salt mordant (fixative) consisted of 1/16 cup of salt to 1 cup of water (1/2 cup of salt to 8 cups of water for larger batches).
  • The dye itself consisted of 1 cup of berries to 2 cups of water.  This was brought to a boil, the berries crushed, the mix simmered for an hour with the lid on, and then strained.
  • The third and fourth batches of fibre were simmered for an hour before being dyed.  The third batch was simmered in water alone; the fourth batch was simmered in the salt mordant.
  • All were then simmered in their own respective stainless steel pots with strained dye, again with devoted utensils.
  • These were then set out to dry.

———-

DSC00013
Raw llama fibre…note white guard hairs…
DSC00008
Unwashed white fibre to be used for dyeing…
Fibre opened up...
Fibre opened up…
Frozen Tundra berries to be used as dye...
Frozen Tundra berries to be used as dye…
Fibre sample to be used for four lots, each with a baseline control...
Fibre sample to be used for four lots, each with a baseline control…
Berries in water before boiling...
Berries in water before boiling…
Lot #3, simmered in water only...
Lot #3, simmered in water only…
DSC00020
Lot #4 simmered in salt mordant (these immediately took water compared to lot #3)…
DSC00001
Fresh out of the dye, labeled according to their lot…
DSC00002
Towelled off, the light is not so good inside and late in the day to show its true colour…

Tomorrow I will wash one piece of each lot and see if the dye remains fast or not.  These will serve as a baseline for future dyeing, particularly in relationship to mordants such as alum (potassium aluminum sulfate KAl(SO4)2·12H2O).