Tag Archives: Jano Leclerc Loom

Building A Raddle

Using scrap maple from the beater build for this Jano I built a raddle today using 2 1/2 common, uncoated nails.  It is 20″ long.

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Leclerc Reed

A new Leclerc reed arrived yesterday.  I was told with this Jano renovation and the lack of 20.5″ availability, that I could cut down longer reeds to fit.  It seemed such a waste to order a shorter, 15″ reed, that would waste the potential width of weaving of which a Jano is capable.  Ordering a longer reed, and planning to cut it down, I mentioned that it was for a Jano, and Leclerc replied that they could make one of the proper length for the Jano. They did a great job.  I will load a warping board and then the loom today in anticipation of using it for another scarf…

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Jano Modifications

A large share of my intent in the restoration of this loom is that I wanted to keep it in its early form.  However, restoration with its original hardware was impossible due to its degraded state.  With the replacement of hardware my intent then became to keep it in good, original working order.  There were a few modifications that I therefore made to make it function a bit better than it originally did.

First of all shimming the beater is essential to smooth operation, disallowing it to rub on the horizontal support metal sides.

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Looking at the inside of the loom harness uprights it is apparent the the harnesses rub greatly during their cycling at the following points…

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This both damages the loom and creates more resistance than needed in working the harness levers.

I cut pieces of a very slippery plastic and fastened these in place to both protect the frame and the harnesses and to allow for easier operation of the levers…

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Jano Beater Fabrication

Here’s a quick setup for routing the reed-retaining grooves on the Jano beater.  Rather than going through  the trouble of mounting my router in its table for this simple and one-time operation I screwed the sliding spacer to a 2×2 and clamped this in a Workmate table.  It produced a perfect groove of proper depth…

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Here’s the finished beater for the Jano, which I had to fabricate.  Now it awaits the arrival of a 12 dent reed, 4 1/2″ high x 20 1/2″ long…

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Jano Harness Hangers, Feet, And Beater

Today I finished the harness hanger replacements on the Jano loom.  The original hangers are .125″ diametre.  But they were brittle with age and snapped off when I went to remove them from the harnesses, which I was refinishing.  They were badly rusted as well.  I used a very hard, galvanized fencing wire I have to manufacture new hangers.  it is .110″ diametre and looks like it will work very well…

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I also finished making a new beater made out of maple.  It will darken into the traditional maple honey-colour with age…

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And I added rubber feet to the legs.  The original casters were porcelain-like, broken, water damaged, and needed replacing.  I used soft rubber cups designed to be slid over smaller-diametre, cylindrical chair legs.  I turned these cups over, trimmed off much of the cup, lightly sanded them on a sander, drilled a hole, and screwed them onto the legs.  They are a very nice addition…

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Maple For Jano Beater

The beater on the Jano is not directly attached to the loom’s frame itself as are later models.  Instead, the beater is simply set on a piece of round metal stock that protrudes inwardly from the lower cross beams.

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Since Janos are no longer produced I had to look for someone else who had a Jano in order to request basic dimensions.  Here is an exquisite set of drawings done at my request by Bob Bellaires, whose wife, Jenny, owns a Jano and operates Daisy Hill Weaving Studio.  He made a very well engineered stand with treadles for her Jano loom which can be viewed, here.  Thank you for your drawings!

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In order to fully restore this Leclerc Jano loom I need to build a new beater.  I do an extensive amount of woodwork; building the beater is not a  problem.  Getting the wood to match the loom is the greatest challenge.  Winnipeg has maple, but it is six hours away.  Checking with my local cabinet shop yielded a 4″ x 6″ x 3′ piece of maple.  This is more than enough material for this project 3x over.  The cost was $24.

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…kiln dried clear maple…

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…partially planed…

 

Loom-Demon Rust

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Someone recently quipped to me that the greatest threat to weaver’s looms was rust.  They said this in regard to ordering a new reed for the Leclerc Jano I am restoring.  I wound up ordering a 22″ reed made of carbon steel – $42.  We live in a very dry climate averaging 16″ of rainfall a year.  This makes it suitable for farming small grain…and not worrying about your loom reed if it is kept indoors and heated in the winter time.  Of course not everyone keeps an heirloom or an oddity-of-a-loom in a heated environment, let alone their home.  A couple years ago I was shown a loom that I enquired about.  I was in a deserted farm house that had its windows broken out.  It looked like the raccoons and coyotes had had their way with it.  Redeemable?  I offered to perform a funeral for it.  And sometimes I see ads on Kijiji for looms complete with its photo in a barn.  You’d have to go look if you were interested, but corrosion will most certain have taken its toll on metal parts minimally.  These are not treasures, they are junk.

The loom I am rebuilding has a need of reworking all metal due to rust.  There were 461, 9 1/2″ heddles on four harnesses.  Two hundred and sixty of these were wire heddles.  Original?  Probably.  And these are a solid mass of rust.  There is no way to recondition these.

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On the other hand two hundred and one are made of aluminum flat metal.  These I scoured, came out perfectly clean, and are ready for reinstallation when the harnesses are ready later today.  I am short 39 heddles for weaving 1 warp thread/dent on a reed trimmed down to 20″ @ 12 dents/inch.  I’ll start there…

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