Tag Archives: spinning

Pioneer Life – Doukhobors

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As the Doukhobors moved out to these villages they first erected makeshift shelters, either of poplar poles or turf; sometimes, where there was a hillside, they lived the summer through in a dugout, and there were also a number of tents.  Outdoor ovens were built for baking bread, and the blacksmiths set up their forges and made charcoal out of the available timber.  Like most communities that have traditionally been self-contained, the Doukhobors found little difficulty in going immediately into operation in a strange environment, for they had among them men who knew all the necessary crafts.  Among the first things they obtained through the bonus fund was a quantity of iron bars and leather, and with these they immediately set about making harness, spades, and tires for their wagons.

This self-sufficiency, which was carried into many fields of activity, undoubtedly helped the Doukhobors to survive with very little money during the first years on the prairies.  One of the first gifts of the American Quakers was three hundred spinning-wheels, and with these the Doukhobor women span the woollen and linen thread they later wove on homemade looms into homespun cloth.  Furniture was made out of hand-hewn wood, and utensils, such as spoons, were carved out of the same material.  Some of these crafts continued to be practised for decades…

The Doukhobors, Woodcock and Avakumovic

 

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Charkha Means Wheel

Gandhi with book charkhaTake to spinning to find peace of mind. The music of the wheel will be as balm to our soul. I believe that the yarn we spin is capable of mending the broken warp and woof of our life. The charkha (spinning wheel) is the symbol for nonviolence on which all life, if it is to be real life, must be based.

 Mahatma Gandhi
Harijan, April 27, 1947, p. 122

 

Charkha is India’s generic term for any spinning wheel or hand-cranked spinning machine.  Gandhi designed and perfected the box Charkha.  He promoted spinning and weaving as a way of self-reliance and self-government.  He called it the Khadi movement.

charkh2

boreal weaver

There are many places to buy a box charkha and many sites that show How to Spin Cotton on Mahatma Gandhi’s Spinning Wheel.